Hereditary hair loss: What you need to know
Hereditary hair loss, known medically as androgenetic alopecia, is the most common cause of hair loss in men and women. This article highlights the genetic and hormonal causes of hair loss and shows how it can manifest itself differently in men and women.
Genetic factors of hair loss in men
In men, hereditary hair loss often begins with the receding of the hairline and the formation of a receding hairline, followed by thinning at the back of the head. The main culprit for male hair loss is the hormone DHT (dihydrotestosterone), a breakdown product of testosterone that weakens hair follicles.
Hair loss in women and its peculiarities
In contrast to men, hair loss in women is usually visible on the crown. The female body is protected from DHT by estrogen, but hormonal fluctuations, such as those that occur after pregnancy or menopause, can reduce this protection and lead to hair loss.
Treatment and prevention
Treatment for hereditary hair loss includes topical agents such as minoxidil, oral medications such as finasteride for men, and hormone replacement therapies for women. Hair transplants and scalp micropigmentation are also permanent solutions that can be considered.
Hereditary hair loss is a natural phenomenon that affects many people. By understanding the causes and treatment options, those affected can better deal with the situation and improve their quality of life.